the study examined the effect of training on employee performance in Social Development Secretariat in the FCTA, Abuja. The research used survey research design and a multi stage random sampling technique to select 302 staff from a population of 1,244 employees across management, senior and junior level. A well-structured questionnaire was designed for collection of data from the respondents. Of the 302 questionnaires administered, only 295 were adequately completed and returned. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and regression analysis. Content validity was utilized and measured using opinions of experts. Findings showed that on-the-job training has positive and significant effect on employees' performance in Social Development Secretariat, Abuja. Also, off-the-job training has negative and significant effect on employees' performance in Social Development Secretariat, Abuja. Based on the findings, this study recommended that Social Development Secretariat, Abuja should concentrate more in using on-the-job training for their staff since it has a positive and significant effect on staff performance; and less of off-the-job training method since it has a negative and significant effect on the employee performance.